A critical analysis of the coastal management act

Cape Town, South Africa

Simon Van Wyk, an expert in risk management at Aurecon, conducts a critical analysis of the National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Act (NEM: ICMA) as it pertains to development within the Coastal Protection Zone of Proclaimed Fishing Harbours in the Western Cape.

With the promulgation and enactment of the NEM: ICMA on 1 December 2009, a paradigm shift in coastal management has occurred in South Africa. This paper aims to address selected sections of the NEM: ICMA, as well as other pertinent marine legislation such as the Marine Living Resources Act (MLRA), Act No. 18 of 1998 (as amended) with a specific focus on critically analysing the NEM: ICMA in terms of its effectiveness and related shortcomings as it pertains to development within Proclaimed Fishing Harbours (PFHs).

This analysis was prompted by a history of development within PFHs being significantly hampered by resistance from the general public. Three case studies will be used throughout this paper to highlight that proposed development within a PFH for the purpose of fishing related activities is, in most instances impeded by the people it is intended to benefit. This paper explores whether the NEM: ICMA meets the requirements of the need to develop within PFHs, as well as the need to ensure sustainable development within the coastal protection zone.

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About Simon

A picture of Simon van WykSimon Van Wyk has 11 years of Safety, Health, Environmental and Quality (HSEQ) management experience with key experience in Integrated International Management Systems (OHSAS 18001, ISO 14001 and ISO 9001). He has extensive expertise in Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (HIRA) methodologies which include operational risk, strategic risk and risk scenario assessments in accordance with the risk management principles as outlined in ISO 31000. He has extensive experience in the environmental field having completed several Environmental Impact Assessments and has provided Environmental Consulting in several sectors, most notably, the mining, ports/harbours and electricity sectors (generation and distribution). He is an Associate Member of the Institute of Risk Management South Africa (RMSA), a registered Professional Natural Scientist with the South African Council for Natural Scientific Professions (SACNASP) and the South African Institute of Ecologists and Environmental Scientists (SAIEES), a Corporate Member of the Disaster Management Institute of Southern Africa (DMISA) as well as a Member of the International Association for Impact Assessments South Africa (IAIAsa).